In India, 620 million people go to the toilet in the open. This is the highest number in the world – half of all households do not have working toilets. No toilet has more effect on women. Open defecation for the women not only hamper their prestige and dignity but all so efficiency to work as their prone to many diseases and are more likely to be attacked and raped if they have to walk away from the safety of their home to go to the toilet. Bad sanitation affects health, work, schooling and women’s safety and it makes the cycle of poverty and suffering worse. Currently the Prime Minister of INDIA believes that sanitation should be included in education policy. This will ensure that all schools have a place to wash hands and separate toilets for boys and girls with access for students with disabilities. Now Modijee advised to all SBM related government employees must give priority to constructions & uses of toilets not only village level but throughout the country for achieve their target on sanitation. They can do this by giving more money to this area and making sure that the help reaches the poorest people. Barbara Frost, Chief Executive of Water-Aid said ‘Every hour 70 women and girls die from diseases from a lack of access to sanitation and water. 2,000 children die every day from diarrhea. This is caused by diseases from poor sanitation.
Public Affair Center (PAC-Bangalore) is a not for profit organization, established in 1994 that is dedicated to improving the quality of governance in India- tried at their best to build a platform that is Improving Consumer voice and accountability in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan- GRAMIN through CRC/CSC at ODISHA/TAMILNADU in INDIA. In this connection PAC-Bangalore said Sanitation and hygiene force people to improve health, social and economic development around the Pan INDIA. If you have no sanitation and clean water, it is impossible to achieve other development and want to create awareness among the people on land, water, air, plants, animals, solid wastes and other things that are surrounding us to constitute our environment. People and environment are closely intertwined with each other, to maintain a balance or equilibrium in nature. Thus man is firmly placed as an important part of the global ecosystem, which depends on him much as he depends on it. A study said each year two million children die from diarrhoeal diseases, making it the second most serious killer of children under the age of five. The main source of diarrhoeal infection is human excreta. Addition to this 53232 ANGAWAN WADI center does not have toilets where as 71302 ANGAWAN WADI centers are in ODISHA. It seems clear therefore, that human excreta should be managed as a potentially dangerous material. The construction of latrines is a relatively simple technology that may be used to control the spread of infectious diseases. PAC Research & Studies have shown that latrine coverage has to reach about 12% of people having knowledge on Swachha Bharat Mission. However the uses of the toilets are less than the anticipation. It has been investigated by Public Affair Center that 13% of the eligible beneficiaries and 38% from BALESORE district of ODISHA spent more amount what they get.